Jeannelle布兰查德, vice president in Tetra技术’s International Development Services group, has more than 25 years of progressive project management experience on donor-funded projects. 在她的前10年, she worked on energy efficiency and energy conservation issues in the tourism sector. Since 2009 she has worked on power sector reform, utility improvement, and clean energy projects. Jeannelle has played a management role on more than 20 U.S. 国际开发署(美国国际开发署)在项目管理的整个生命周期中承包并具有丰富的经验. 她曾担任美国国际开发署数百万美元资助项目的常驻顾问,并在多个发展中国家承担过短期任务. 作为党的总书记, Jeannelle领导了一个支持“农业动力:能源发展的重大挑战”的团队,该项目资助了24个为发展中国家农业部门部署清洁能源解决方案的组织, 包括冷库, 太阳能灌溉系统, 混合动力处理器, 以及分散电力的微型电网.

Jeannelle拥有迈阿密大学国际研究硕士学位和乔治梅森大学传播学和西班牙语学士学位.


What is the energy-water-agriculture (ag) nexus, 为什么在为发展中国家的农村和弱势MG摆脱网站口赋权的背景下考虑这一点很重要?

The energy-water-ag nexus describes the linkages between water scarcity, 能源安全, 还有粮食安全, which are all pivotal to sustainable development for rural and vulnerable communities. Increased agricultural productivity and climate resiliency is a key driver of food security, 创收, and improved quality of life in rural and vulnerable populations in developing countries. As the wealth and population of the world grow, so does the need to feed it. 这种需求是在不可持续的农业做法和极端天气事件增加加剧水资源短缺的背景下产生的. Nearly 30 percent of total global energy consumption goes towards meeting food demand, 特别是在新兴国家. 农业部门依赖于在提高生产力的同时提高能源和用水效率的方法. This sector is both the source of sustenance and the source of employment for 2.5 billion people globally, primarily in emerging economies in 亚洲 and 非洲.

为什么我们看到了发展中国家农业部门的协调努力?

大小, 复杂性, and global nature of the energy-water-ag nexus challenge requires a concerted effort, including varying perspectives and resources. 最近, there has been a major focus on supporting private sector-led solutions due to the creativity, 灵活性, and potential for positive impact on local communities that these enterprises can provide. 政府, 捐助者, and civil society can help provide funding to de-risk market entry, 技术援助, 政策及规管意见, 以及其他专业知识. 结果是, we are seeing a coordinated effort by governments, 捐助者, 民间社会组织, 以及私营公司调动资源和结合专业知识,以实现通过可持续和有效的水和能源利用来增加粮食产量的单一目标.

How can energy-water-ag technologies specifically benefit women in developing countries?

在发展中国家,妇女占农业劳动力的很大一部分,但她们参与经济机会的能力普遍较低. 她们面临着男性所没有的工作负担, 比如养育孩子, 家务, 缺乏融资渠道, 小型牲畜管理. 在南亚和东南亚, 大约47%的农业工MG摆脱网站是妇女,在某些国家,这一数字超过70%. 在农村地区, 农业加工任务,如碾磨, 光栅, and hulling are commonly done through manual labor. 这就摆脱游戏网站妇女的可用性在决定可以分配多少时间用于取水、柴火和准备食物方面的重要性. 能源-水-银技术的应用不仅提供了经济效益,如增加作物价值, 为家庭节省时间, and increasing the shelf life of certain agricultural products, but also can be a source of social benefits and empowerment. 妇女可以利用解放出来的时间从事新的创收活动和承担家庭责任,由于粮食安全得到加强,基于性别的暴力行为也可以减轻.

利乐摆脱游戏网站通过其工作观察和支持的能源-水-农业领域的当前技术趋势是什么?

在撒哈拉以南的非洲和南亚, we are supporting various innovative solutions that address the energy-water-ag nexus. These include solar-powered hydroponics and irrigation (drip and pumping); hydro-powered irrigation; advanced water use and seed monitoring services; solar- or biogas-powered cold storage and dryers; micro-grids for fish hatcheries; passive aeration systems for aquaculture; and various hybrid systems, 包括混合动力拖拉机. These solutions also integrate services such as remote monitoring, Uber-like scheduling of services through mobile applications, 移动货币, 以及各种现收现付模式.g., rent-to-own, leasing, service for fee, and agricultural extension support). They make energy and water more accessible for agricultural purposes, 而且往往效率更高.

End users of these energy-water-ag solutions, 到目前为止, 报告收入增加了, 生产, and sales; valuable time savings; extension of the shelf life of agricultural products; reduced agricultural losses; and additional economic activities due to the generated power. 例如, 我们观察到,与使用传统柴油驱动设备相比,南亚和东南亚使用太阳能光伏驱动农业加工设备的小农可以从显著的收入增加中受益.

What has Tetra技术’s experience been in this space?

With more than 40 years of proven expertise in this space, Tetra技术 has the combination of deep technical knowledge of the energy-water-ag nexus, extensive experience implementing activities in the nexus in various regions in the world, and the knowledge of our regionally based practitioners. 最近, Tetra技术 supported the global Powering 农业 Energy Grand Challenge (PAEGC) to help source, deploy, and scale clean energy-water-ag nexus technologies. 6年后, PAEGC helped develop 59 clean energy technologies and business models, 影响65,116年的受益者, 帮助筹集了68美元.8 million, and reduced 1个以上8,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent. 在过去的6年里,我们也一直通过与电力非洲的合作来支持nexus公司, resulting in 技术援助 for 122 companies, 1个以上.14 million new off-grid electricity connections, and more than $60 million mobilized.

We are excited to continue our work in the water-energy-ag nexus with the 粮食用水和能源 (WE4F):发展的巨大挑战, 这是德国联邦经济合作与发展部的一项联合国际倡议, 荷兰外交部, 瑞典, through the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, 和美国国际开发署. WE4F的目标是加快全球水-能源-农业关系的创新,以提高价值链上的粮食产量, 增加贫困妇女和男子的收入, and promote climate and environmental resilience and biodiversity.

作为国际发展合作伙伴,利乐摆脱游戏网站在能源-水-农业领域的工作如何使您与众不同?

在nexus的工作要求我们的团队拥有全球和当地的专家,他们在能源和技术开发方面具有跨部门的经验, 获得资金的途径, 性别的集成, and policy expertise relevant to the nexus. 我们的许多专家都有在发展中国家试用这些技术和应对这些挑战的第一手国内实际经验. Last year, we consolidated innovator learnings in technology and business model case studies on micro-grids and productive agricultural uses, 清洁能源冷库, 清洁能源农业加工业, and guides on access to financing for innovators and navigating policy and regulation. 与WE4F, we are excited to continue this work with an even greater emphasis on gender equality, 环境可持续性, 和金字塔客户的基础.

How will COVID-19 impact the water-energy-ag nexus?

Looking back at the 2008 financial crisis in the 美国, 在全球范围内,信贷(贷款)和股权(投资)市场的收缩都枯竭了. A paper produced by our team under Powering 农业, "Access to Finance for Early Stage Innovators in the Clean Energy 农业 Nexus,认为这些市场收缩对小型和新兴公司的影响不成比例.

2019冠状病毒病带来了全球市场的混乱,使初创企业——尤其是风险投资企业——面临需求和投资的全面下降. 一些投资组合公司可能需要不同于它们不久前预期的资本形式. 现有的nexus公司可能无法忍受由于客户流失而导致的业务放缓或停止, MG摆脱网站可能比以前更厌恶风险,因为目前的MG摆脱网站和未来的管道可能失去了价值,政府官员可能不再那么关注连接的优先事项. Through our work on WE4F and other projects, we will aim to keep the nexus front and center of technology, 投资, 和政策对话.